CBD‌ ‌Oil‌ ‌101‌ ‌for‌ ‌Absolute‌ ‌Beginners

CBD‌ ‌Oil‌ ‌101‌ ‌for‌ ‌Absolute‌ ‌Beginners

CBD‌ ‌Oil‌ ‌101‌ ‌for‌ ‌Absolute‌ ‌Beginners

Today we're going to be talking about cannabidiol oil, otherwise known as CBD oil. I think there's a lot of misconceptions about CBD oil out there. And frankly, I was ignorant about CBD oil until I started looking into it. I went and started listening to podcasts reading information online and trying to distil it down to a beginner intro 101 style guide. 

By no means am I an expert on CBD oil, but I think I can share with you some helpful insights to get you going. 

 Cannabidiol  Oil

So the first big question is, what is CBD oil? 

CBD oil is derived from cannabis plants. But, wait a second! I thought cannabis was marijuana. Well, you're right in some sense. 

So what makes CBD oil, not marijuana oil? So plant, cannabis Sativa species has two different kinds. There's a legal distinction of the two plants based on how much tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) is contained in the plant.  If there's less than 0.2% THC contained in the cannabis plant, it's considered a hemp plant. If there's more than 0.2% THC contained in the cannabis plant, it's considered a cannabis plant. A good analogy for this would be dog breeds. So you have a domestic dog. It's one species, and different breeds can reproduce with each other and create viable offspring. But there are different characteristics within that species that make different breeds, although it's all the same species. 

So it's more of a spectrum from hemp to cannabis, all within the overarching umbrella of cannabis Sativa plants. That is the most essential distinction because CBD oil usually comes from a hemp plant and contains very low levels of THC, making it non-psychoactive. The idea is you get the benefits from a cannabis plant without getting “high”.

CBD oil

So why do we even care about CBD or why do we care about the cannabis plant in general? 

Well, basically cannabis and the cannabinoids that are in it interact with the endocannabinoid system in our body. This is a system responsible for regulating body processes including but not limited to  the immune system, pain receptors, appetite, metabolism, and mood. Getting cannabinoids in the body greatly affects the endocannabinoid system.

So there are three things that can interact with your endocannabinoid system. The first thing is endogenous, or your body makes its own cannabinoids that interact with that system. The second is Phytocannabinoids, which are cannabinoids, these molecules that are extracted from plants "Phyto plant cannabinoids" which include THC, the psychoactive component in cannabis plants. The third is laboratory-derived cannabinoids that include medical compounds like Marinol that are regulated by the FDA. 

On the other hand, cannabidiol or CBD, another type of cannabinoid doesn't interact with the receptors that get you high but do a lot of the other things that interact with that endocannabinoid system

Right now, there's a lot of animal studies looking at the relation CBD oil, pain, and mood in addiction. And I think a lot of stuff is going to be coming out in the next few years.

But right now, there are just a lot of anecdotes about it. Like, Hey! I took this, and I think it helped in reducing my anxiety, or relieved my back pain, or some smaller-scale study. So in medicine, there is a range of how powerful studies are. So that can be from just a case study, like, hey, this one person took it and felt better to a small sample size study of like, Hey, we gave it to 10 people, and a lot of them feel better, all the way up to the more vigorous randomized controlled trials where you say, let's take CBD oil and compare it to another treatment for pain, our mood or depression. And let's see if it's better or equal to that treatment. So a lot of those randomized controlled trials, we're still waiting to come out. But we're seeing a lot of small size 10 1520 people enrolled in the small trials of CBD oil, where there are some really interesting outcomes. But at this point, until I see there are more extensive studies, I can't recommend this. But it's worth looking at and putting our feelers out to see what comes out over the next few years. 

It wasn't until 2014 when an agricultural Act was passed, also known as the Farm Bill. And that legalized hemp for research purposes. And that was the bill that designated that the hemp plant, although still a cannabis plant, was legally defined as a plant that had less than point 0.2% THC contained in it. In 2018, there was some more progress made when the 2018 farm bill came out and said now hemp, and hemp-related products like CBD oil are federally legal. So at a national level, they've said, you can grow this product, you can grow hemp plants that have less than 0.2% THC, and you can start making products from them.

There have been some trends, and the primary trend is that companies that are producing CBD oil are sending their product, every batch they make, they brew it in a big pot. That's not really how it works, but that's how I imagined in my brain. And that batch they send to a lab that's unrelated to the company, and they say you test this and make sure it doesn't have any impurities in it like heavy metals and make sure it has the amount of CBD. And it has the amount of THC we say it does or none at all. And so a lot of these companies are linking those battery ports on their website. Or even on the label of their bottle to where you can easily access it and say this is exactly what's in this oil. 

Which is right for me? So I'm going to talk about different products now and some of the guidelines I think you should follow when picking out a CBD product if you plan on buying some.

There are three different types of CBD oil, full spectrum, broad spectrum, and then purified CBD oil. 

Full spectrum

Full spectrum is if you take the flower, the leaves, you extract the oil and don't remove anything from it. So there's still a little bit of THC, there is CBD in it. But also, there are all the other parts of the plant, which we broadly classify as a compound called terpenes and they have different types. So all of that is in the product. And the reason that they do that is something called the entourage effect. Unlike typical pharmaceutical medicine that you might get for your diabetes or blood pressure, which usually have one active ingredient, the entourage effect says we want all of the beneficial products within this plant into our product. Because there have been some small scale studies that show that CBD oil works best when there's a little bit of terpene mixed with it and when there might be even minuscule amounts of THC mixed with it. So someone that wants all of those properties from the plant in their oil should be looking for a full spectrum oil. 

Broad spectrum

Broad spectrum is the entire plant, but they remove all of the THC from it. So it's got zero percent THC. So that might be important if you want to make sure you don't feel like a drug screen in the future. If it's completely illegal for any THC content, then you might want to look for a broad spectrum. 

Purified CBD oil

Then the third category is completely purified CBD oil, they take all the terpenes out of it, they take all of the THC out of it, and it's just CBD. So in that product, you wouldn't get this entourage effect, because it would just be the CBD and a lot of advocates of CBD oil out there ham up this entourage effect and say you don't want pure CBD oil. But a lot of this is anecdotal. A lot of this is not studied in the scientific literature yet. 

cannabis oil

Here's my list of things you want to look for when buying a CBD oil.

First, find out how the oil was extracted.  There are several ways CBD oil is extracted and the  safer and healthier way to do it is through co2 extraction, rather than solvent or ethanol extraction. 

Second, look for a product that has undergone batch testing. So they have a lab analysis from a third party source that says precisely what's in the product and has a QR code, there's a little barcode, you can scan with your phone to link to that certificate of analysis from the lab. And that means if you get pulled over, and there's this weird bottle of oil in your car. Scan this QR code, check out the lab analysis, it has zero percent THC in it. And I can prove it. So you know what you're getting with batch certificates. 

Now, here's number three, something you should look for, also show that it doesn't have heavy metals or pesticides contained in the product, all these things that you don't want to put in your body. 

Please comment below and tell me what you think about this blog post. Let me know what products you've tried yourself and what it's done for you. I want to hear your stories . Am I completely off base? Let me know. Thanks.

Oh, one last note is going to make my drug screen/ drug test positive? I don't know, maybe, so be careful! I would get a no THC zero percent otherwise known as broad spectrum CBD oil, if you're worried about it because it has zero THC. Read more about our research on that topic here.


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